Euclid. Euclid megarensis...opera a Campano interprete fidissimi...

(Venice:Paganium de Paganinis de Brixia, 1509)

Euclid

The first printed edition of Euclid’s ‘Elements of Geometry’ was that of the eminent German printer, Erhard Ratdolt, in Venice, 1482. The edition here displayed was printed in Venice 27 years later by a native Italian. Both eiditions, in their sensitive wedding of text and diagrams, became models of subsequent mathematical book design.

In all, some one thousand editions of Euclid (including translations) have been printed. It is in essence a rationalization of all earlier Greek mathematical knowledge from Pythagoras onwards. Euclid himself was a Greek who founded the mathematical school in Alexandria in the reign of Ptolemy I.