James

f. 415,  Epistle of James and its Prologue.  The Prologue initial contains a centaur playing a psaltery with a plectrum.  The initial I for the Epistle of James shows St James the Greater standing, robed as a pilgrim wearing a hat and holding a staff.  The image is badly rubbed, at an uncertain date.  Perhaps the person who defaced the initial objected to the choice of St James the Greater to illustrate the epistle written by St James the Less.  But the two Jameses were often confused in the Middle Ages and it is very common to find the Epistle of James illustrated with a portrait of James the Greater as pilgrim, evoking the popular pilgrimage to Santiago de Compostela which claimed to house the relics of James the Greater.  

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