Jan Huygen van Linschoten
Jan Huygen van Linschoten. Nauigatio ac itinerarium Iohannis Hugonis Linscotani in orientalem siue Lusitanorum Indiam.Hague, 1599.
In 1584, Linschoten (1563-1611) travelled to Goa as an employee of the merchant-banker Fugger family. While in India he copied top-secret Portugese maps and charts of the East Indies. Returning to Holland in 1592, he prepared his notes and maps for the Amsterdam publisher Claeszoon in response to interest in the Netherlands and other European countries about commercial possibilities in Asia. As trade in the Far East was dependent on routes via America or Africa, his work eventually encompassed the entire globe, including Spanish and Portuguese activities in America. Linschoten's Itinerario was the single most significant source regarding the East and West Indies and numerous editions were published in Dutch, Latin, French, German, and English.