Atlas to Cook's Voyage
Atlas to Cook’s Voyage. London, 1784.
The voyages of James Cook (1728-1779) initiated the modern era of scientific exploration. Establishing a model for future expeditions, his three voyages had an explicitly scientific rather than political purpose, carrying artists and naturalists who brought back large collections of plants, animals, and ethnographic artefacts from the regions visited. During his second voyage (1772-1775), in the 'Adventure' and 'Resolution', his ships crossed the latitude 70 degrees, the furthest south then reached by Europeans.