Bernard de Montfaucon
Bernard de Montfaucon. L’antiquite expliquee, et representee en figures. Paris,1719.
De Montfaucon (1655-1741), a Benedictine of the Congregation of Saint-Maur, was devoted to historical and ecclesiastical scholarship, and pioneered the study of Greek paleography and archaeology. His Antiquité surveyed in fifteen volumes the social and artistic aspects of ancient civilizations, and is considered to be a foundation stone of scientific archaeology. In preparingL'Antiquité de Montfaucon received contributions and assistance from many of the greatest European collectors of antiquities of the period. The work contributed significantly to the spread of interest in archaeology.