Georges Louis Leclerc
Georges Louis Leclerc, comte de Buffon. Histoire naturelle des oiseaux. Paris, 1770-1786.
Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon (1707-1788), naturalist, mathematician, cosmologist, and encyclopedic author, was a major figure of the French Enlightenment. His works influenced the following two generations of naturalists, including Jean-Baptiste Lamarck and Georges Cuvier. Buffon published thirty-five volumes of his Histoire naturelle during his lifetime. In 1770 the first volume devoted to birds was published. The present large folio set was hand-coloured by and after Francois Martinet, who engraved illustrations of birds for books by the most influential ornithologists of the 18th century.