Dr Martin Bates BSc (Lond.), PhD (Lond.)

Geoarchaeologist/Quaternary Scientist
Lampeter

Tel: +44 (0) 1570 422351
E-mail: m.bates@tsd.ac.uk

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Teaching/Research/Contract work

The trajectory of Dr Bates’ career history to date him develop a profile that places him at the crossroads of a number of disciplines including archaeology, quaternary geology, engineering geology and environmental science. It is this multi-disciplinary profile that allows him to provide a unique approach to archaeology that manifests itself through teaching, research and contract work. 

His archaeological training began at the Institute of Archaeology (now part of University College London) in 1981 when he undertook a BSc in Archaeology. This was followed by study for a PhD at Royal Holloway. Practical training involved 2 years working in the late 1980’s at the Museum of London digging in Greater London and within the city.

Broader aspects of geoarchaeological study were first encouraged in contract work undertaken at UCL in the early 1990’s when he was involved with a number of Roman and Mediaeval waterfront projects in London and Dover. It was at this time that his teaching career began first at the University of North London (general prehistoric archaeology, environmental archaeology and the archaeology of Ireland) and subsequently teaching in the field and classroom while at the Institute of Archaeology. Dr Bates came to Lampeter in 1998 initially on a part time basis.

Since the mid 1990’s there have been 3 threads to his career; teaching, research and contract archaeology. All three are currently run through the school at Lampeter and this combination of approaches is most visibly manifested through the research focused teaching undertaken across a number of the core and optional courses in the department.

Dr Bates’ strengths lie in the nature of my research where he has been responsible for developing new strategies in field geoarchaeology and approaches to Cultural Resource Management in the UK during the last 2 decades. This positioned him to be active in a number of major discoveries within the UK archaeological world including the Dover Bronze Age Boat, the Clactonian Elephant butchery site in Ebbsfleet, the Harnham terminal Lower Palaeolithic site near Salisbury.

This has informed his teaching profile through active merging of practical field-based, work with traditional academic pursuits.  It also allows his teaching to be both vocational and focused on the real needs of archaeologists working in the broader discipline.

Presently Dr Bates is actively engaged in the investigation of submerged landscapes in Orkney around the Bay of Firth and the Loch of Stenness. Additionally he is project geoarchaeologist for the Quaternary Archaeology and Environments of Jersey Project (QAEJ)  and is leading a new multi-disciplinary research fieldwork at La Cotte de St.Brelade in Jersey.  

Teaching at undergraduate levels includes significant contributions to Introducing Archaeology (Level 3), Origins and Innovations (Level 4), Palaeoenvironmental Archaeology (Level 4), Introduction to Laboratory Techniques (Level 4), Advanced Archaeological Analysis (Level 6) and Humans and Environment (Level 6). At post graduate level significant contributions to British Landscape and Environment Field Class (Level 7) and Advanced Palaeoenvironmental Methods (Level 7). Currently supervising one PhD student.

My research interests lie within the fields of geoarchaeology and Quaternary Science. My main research centres around marine and shallow marine environments (including submerged landscapes) of the English Channel and Orkney.

I am interested in the human occupation of these areas during the last 1 million years and the ways in which we can locate and investigate such records both on-shore and off-shore.  I am also active in the fields of investigating methods for investigating deeply buried archaeologies through geophysical and geotechnical investigation.

My expertise lies in the fields of geoarchaeology, particularly the application of geotechnical and geophysical surveys to archaeological problems.

I work as a consultant geoarchaeologist through the UWLAS grouping in the university. This continues a tradition of working in the contract archaeological sector begun during my time at UCL London. I have worked on a number of major projects in recent years the most significant being the archaeological investigations prior to and during the construction of the Channel Tunnel Rail Link from London to Folkestone.

My engagement in the project began by designing and implementing a framework for the route corridor in which geotechnical work could be used to predict the location of major archaeological find spots. Subsequently I was involved in the testing of the model at a number of sites (Thames River Crossing, Ebbsfleet River Valley) and the excavation of the archaeological sites.

I was the team leader and principal author on the monograph report of all archaeological works along the Thames Floodplain that has recently been completed. I am also a co-author on the monograph describing the Prehistoric archaeology and environments in the Ebbsfleet Valley.

On-going projects include the design and implementation of a major sub-surface modelling project at the Shell Haven site in Essex combining geotechnical and geophysical techniques in novel combinations to understand the buried archaeological record. A similar project is on-going at the proposed Sizewell C Nuclear Reactor. A similar project at Belmarsh Prison is on-going.

In the past projects have been carried out at Terminal 5, Heathrow, the A2 in Dover, A13 in East London, Hoo Peninsula Gas Pipeline, Kingsnorth Power Station in the Medway and the Liquid Gas Terminal in Milford Haven.

I have also been involved in providing guidelines for geoarchaeological investigation of sites for offshore wind turbines for COWRIE.

2013

Bates, M.R. 2013 Coastal erosion and landscape change. 40-50. In: Needham, S., Parham, D. and Frieman, C.J. Claimed by the Sea. Salcombe, Langdon Bay and other marine finds of the Bronze Age.  CBA Research Report 173. Council for British Archaeology: York.

Bates, M.R., Pope, M., Shaw, A., Scott, B. and Schwenninger, J-L. 2013 Late Neanderthal occupation in North-West Europe: rediscovery, investigation and dating of a last glacial sediment sequence at the site of La Cotte de Saint Brelade, Jersey. Journal of Quaternary Science 28, 647–652

Bates, M.R. and Stafford, E. 2013 Thames Holocene: A geoarchaeological approach to the investigation of the river floodplain for High Speed 1, 1994-2004.  Wessex Archaeology: Salisbury. 280pp.

Bates, M.R., Champness, C., Haggart, A., Macphail, R.I., Parfitt, S.A. and Schwenninger, J-L. 2013. Early Devensian sediments and palaeovenvironmental evidence from the excavations at the Royal Oak Portal Paddington, West London, UK. Proceedings of the Geologists’  Association (2013), http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/ j.pgeola.2013.06.001

Wenban-Smith, F., Bates, M., Allen, P., Bates, R. and Hutchinson, J. 2013 Geology, stratigraphy and site phasing. 57-110. In: Wenban-Smith, F. The Ebbsfleet Elephant Excavations at Southfleet Road, Swanscombe in advance of High Speed 1, 2003 –4. Oxford Archaeology Monograph.

Briant, R.M., Bates, M.R., Boreham, S., Coope, G.R., De Schepper, S., Field, M.H., Wenban-Smith, F.F. and Whittaker, J.E. 2013 Palaeoenvironmental reconstruction from a decalcified interglacial sequence in the former Solent rivers system at St Leonard’s Farm, Hampshire, England.  Quaternary Newsletter 130, 23-40.

2012

Bates, M.R., Nayling, N, Bates, C.R., Dawson, S., Huws, D. and Wickham-Jones, C. 2012 A Multi-disciplinary Approach to the Archaeological Investigation of a Bedrock-Dominated Shallow-Marine Landscape: an example from the Bay of Firth, Orkney, UK.  International Journal of Nautical Archaeology 42, 24-43.

Briant, R.M., Bates, M.R., Marshall, G.D., Schwenninger, J-L. and Wenban-Smith, F.F. 2012 Terrace reconstruction and long profile projection: a case study from the Solent river system near Southampton, England.  Proceedings of the Geologists’ Association 123, 438 – 449.

Stafford, E. with Goodburn, D. and Bates, M. 2012 Landscape and prehistory of the East London wetlands.  Investigations along the A13 DBFO Roadscheme. Tower Hamlets, Newham and Barking and Dagenham, 2000-2003.  Oxford Archaeology Monograph 17.  Oxford.

Pope, M., Bates, M.,  Cole, J., Conneller, C., Ruebens, K., Scott, B., Shaw, A., Smith, G., Underhill, D. and Wragg Sykes, R. 2012. Quaternary Environments and Archaeology of Jersey: A New Multidisciplinary project looking at the early prehistoric occupation of the English Channel. In: Ruebens, K.; Romanowska, I. And Bynoe, R. (eds.) 2012. Unravelling the Palaeolithic: 10 years of research at the Centre for the Archaeology of Human Origins (CAHO, University of Southampton). (University of Southampton Series in Archaeology 8; and BAR International Series 2400), 27-38.

Briant, R.M., Bates, M.R., Marshall, G.D., Schwenninger, J.-L. and Wenban-Smith, F.F. 2012 Terrace reconstruction and long profile projection: a case study from the Solent river system near Southampton, England.  Proceedings of the Geologists’ Association 123, 438-449.

2011

Bates, M.R. 2011 Edward Heron-Allen and the Quaternary Geology of the Manhood Peninsula: A view from the 21st CenturyOpusculum XVI, 18 – 38. Heron-Allen Society

Bates, M.R. 2011 Molluscan analysis.  22 – 26. In: Lewis, J.S.C. Three Ways Wharf, Uxbridge.  A Lateglacial and Early Holocene hunter-gatherer site in the Colne valley.  Museum of London Archaeology Monograph 51.  London.

Bates, M.R., Corke, B., Parfitt, K. and Whittaker, J.E. 2011 A geoarchaeological approach to the evolution of the town and port of Dover: Prehistoric to Saxon periods.  Proceedings of the Geologists’ Association 122, 157 – 176.

Bates, M.R. and Wenban-Smith, F.F. 2011 Palaeolithic Geoarchaeology: palaeolandscape modeling and scales of investigation.  Landscapes 2011 (1), 69-96.

Bates, M.R. and Wiltshire, P.E.J. 2011 Black humic clay (SU50).  37 – 39.  In: Lewis, J.S.C. Three Ways Wharf, Uxbridge.  A Lateglacial and Early Holocene hunter-gatherer site in the Colne valley.  Museum of London Archaeology Monograph 51.  London.

Bates, M.R. and Stafford, E. 2011 Northfleet sediments and soils.  61 – 67.  In: Barnett, C., McKinley, J.I., Stafford, E., Grimm, J.M. and Stevens, C.J. Settling the Ebbsfleet Valley.  High Speed 1 Excavations at Springhead and Northfleet, Kent.  The Late Iron Age, Roman, Saxon and Medieval landscape.  Oxford Wessex Archaeology Monograph.

Simmonds, A., Wenban-Smith, F.F., Bates, M.R., Powell, K., Sykes, D., Devaney, R., Stansbie, D. And Score, D. 2011 Excavations in North-West Kent 2005-2007. One hundered thousand years of human activity in and around the Darent Valley.  Oxford Archaeology  Monograph 11.  Oxford Archaeology: Oxford.

Wenban-Smith, F.F. and Bates, M.R. 2011 Palaeolithic and Pleistocene investigations.  17 – 59.  In: Simmonds, A., Wenban-Smith, F.F., Bates, M.R., Powell, K., Sykes, D., Devaney, R., Stansbie, D. And Score, D. 2011 Excavations in North-West Kent 2005-2007. One hundered thousand years of human activity in and around the Darent Valley.  Oxford Archaeology  Monograph 11.  Oxford Archaeology: Oxford.

2010

Bates, M.R., Briant, R.M., Rhodes, E.J.,  Schwenninger, J.L. and Whittaker, J.E. 2010 A new chronological framework for Middle and Upper Pleistocene landscape evolution in the Sussex/Hampshire Coastal Corridor.  Proceedings of the Geologists’ Association 121, 369 – 392.

Wenban-Smith F. F., Bates M. R., Schwenninger J.-L. 2010. Early Devensian (MIS 5d–5b)

occupation at Dartford, southeast England. J. Quaternary Sci., Vol. 25 pp. 1193-1199.

2009

Bates, M.R. and Briant, R.M. 2009 Quaternary sediments of the Sussex/Hampshire Coastal Corridor.  21 – 41. In: Briant, R.M., Bates, M.R., Hosfield, R.T. and Wenban-Smith, F.F. (eds.) The Quaternary of the Solent Basin and West Sussex Raised Beaches.  Field Guide.  Quaternary Research Association: London.

Bates, M.R., Bates, C.R., Bates, S., Jones, S., Schwenninger, J-L., Walker, M.J.C.  and Whittaker, J.E. 2009 Cold stage deposits of the West Sussex Coastal Plain: the evidence from Warblington, Hampshire.  60 – 72.  In: Briant, R.M., Bates, M.R., Hosfield, R.T. and Wenban-Smith, F.F. (eds.) The Quaternary of the Solent Basin and West Sussex Raised Beaches.  Field Guide.  Quaternary Research Association: London.

Bates, M.R., Bates, C.R., Gibbard, P.L., Keen, D.H., Parfitt, S.A., Peglar, S.M., Schwenninger, J-L., Wenban-Smith, F.F. and Whittaker, J.E. 2009 West Street, Selsey.  In: Briant, R.M., Bates, M.R., Hosfield, R.T. and Wenban-Smith, F.F. (eds.) The Quaternary of the Solent Basin and West Sussex Raised Beaches.  Field Guide.  Quaternary Research Association: London.

Briant, R.M., Bates, M.R., Boreham, S., Cameron, N.G., Coope, G.R., Field, M.H., Keen, D.H., Simons, R.M.J., Schwenninger, J-L., Wenban-Smith, F.F. and Whittaker, J.E. 2009 Gravels and interglacial sediments at Stone Point Site of Special Scientific Interest, Lepe Country Park, Hampshire.  171 – 188.In: Briant, R.M., Bates, M.R., Hosfield, R.T. and Wenban-Smith, F.F. (eds.) The Quaternary of the Solent Basin and West Sussex Raised Beaches.  Field Guide.  Quaternary Research Association: London.

Wenban-Smith, F.F., Bates, M.R., Bridgland, D.R., Marshall, G.D. and Schwenninger, J-L. 123 – 137. In: Briant, R.M., Bates, M.R., Hosfield, R.T. and Wenban-Smith, F.F. (eds.) The Quaternary of the Solent Basin and West Sussex Raised Beaches.  Field Guide.  Quaternary Research Association: London.

2008

Bates, M.R., Barham, A.J., Jones, S., Parfitt, K., Parfitt, S., Pedley, M., Preece, R.C., Walker, M.J.C. and Whittaker, J.E. 2008 Holocene sequences and archaeology from the Crabble Paper Mill site, Dover, UK and their regional significance.  Proceedings of the Geologists’ Association 119, 299-327.

2007

Bates, M.R., Bates, C.R. and Whittaker, J.E. 2007 Mixed method approaches to the investigation and mapping of buried Quaternary deposits:  examples from Southern England.  Archaeological Prospection 14, 104-129.

Bates, M.R., Bates, C.R. and Briant, R.M. 2007 Bridging the gap: a terrestrial view of shallow marine sequences and the importance of the transition zone. Journal of Archaeological Science 34, 1537-1551.

2006

Bates, M.R. and Wenban-Smith, F. 2006 Pleistocene history and Palaeolithic archaeology of the river Avon in the light of new evidence from Twyford House, Shirehampton.  154 – 172.  in Hunt, C.O. and Haslett, S.K. (eds.) Quaternary of Somerset.  Field Guide.  Quaternary Research Association: London.

Briant, R.M., Bates, M.R., Schwenninger, J-L. and Wenban-Smith, F. 2006 An optically stimulated luminescence dated Middle to Late Pleistocene fluvial sequence from the western Solent Basin, southern England.  Journal of Quaternary Science 21, 507 – 523.

Wenban-Smith, F.F., Allen, P., Bates, M.R., Parfitt, S.A., Preece, R.C., Stewart, J.R., Turner, C. and Whittaker, J.E. 2006 The Clactonian elephant butchery site at Southfleet Road, Ebbsfleet, UK.  Journal of Quaternary Science 21, 471 – 483.

Lewis, J., Brown, F., Batt, A., Cooke, N., Barrett, J., Every, R., Mepham, L., Brown, K., Cramp, K., Lawson, A.J., Roe, F., Allen, S., Petts, D., McKInley, J.I., Carruthers, W.J., Challinor, D., Wiltshire, P., Robinson, M., Lerwis, H.A. and Bates, M.R. 2006 Landscape evolution in the Middle Thames Valley.  Heathrow Terminal 5 Excavations Volume 1, Perry Oaks.  Framework Archaeology Monograph 1.  Framework Archaeology: Oxford and Salisbury.

2004

Bates, M.R. and Whittaker, K. 2004 Landscape evolution in the Lower Thames Valley: implications of the archaeology of the earlier Holocene period.  50 – 70.  In: Cotton, J. and Field, D. (eds.) Towards a New Stone Age: aspects of the Neolithic in south-east England.  CBA Research Report RR 137.  Council for British Archaeology: York.

Bridgland, D.R., Maddy, D and Bates, M. 2004 River terrace sequences: templates for Quaternary geochronology and marine-terrestrial correlation.  Journal of Quaternary Science 19, 203 – 218.

Whittaker, K., Beasley, M., Bates, M. and Wenban-Smith, F. 2004 The lost Valley.  British Archaeology 74, 22 – 27.

2003

Bates, M.R. 2003 Visualising the sub-surface: problems and procedures for areas of deeply stratified sediments.  277 – 289.  In: Howard, A.J., Macklin, M.G. and Passmore, D.G. (eds.) Alluvial Archaeology in Europe.   Balkema Publishers: Lisse.

Bates, M.R., Keen, D.H. and Lautridou, J.P. 2003 Pleistocene marine and periglacial deposit of the English Channel. Journal of Quaternary Science 18, 319 – 337.

Wenban-Smith, F.F., White, M.J., Allen, P., Bridgland, D.R. and Bates, M.R. 2003 Refitting Palaeolithic artefacts from Wansunt Pit.  Lithics 24, 3 – 12.