Thomas Martyn


The transition from herbals to floras accelerates during the eighteenth century as the influence of Linnaeus grows and it becomes more fashionable for authors to preface their books with approving remarks about the Linnaean system. In England, for example, in 1788, we have Thirty-eight plates with explanations intended to illustrate Linnaeus's System of vegetables, and particularly adapted to the Letters on the elements of botany by Thomas Martyn (1735-1825), Professor of Botany at Oxford, which was published in 1788 by Benjamin White, brother of Gilbert White of Selborne. The 38 plates are well drawn and engraved by Frederick Polydore Nodder.Shown here is Diadelphia Decandria Lathyrus latifoliu, the Everlasting Pea.